So far I've found one nice tidbit (from New Scientist) and once nice tangential idea (from Pinker).
Tidbit - Integrated information theory. Uses network analysis tools to calculate measures of consciousness. It takes a top down approach to the micro-macro divide problem. It also specifies that groups of people can not function as a collective conscious.
Tangent - Investigate whether school organization follow a scale free pattern (i.e. power law). If the fit is pretty good, investigate negative discrepancies to see if non-obvious actors are consider and consider themselves part of the group. Investigate positive discrepancies to see if actors tend to freeload or weakly consider themselves part of the group.